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Facts about Bornholm

Bornholm - the Danish island not to be missed! Bornholm holds bits of all of Scandinavia’s types of nature – all within walking or cycling distance.

Nature on Bornholm is unique. Hear the roar of the waves, feel the butterflies in your stomach on the edge of the cliffs, enjoy the skerries, feel the finest sand of Denmark under your feet and use the beautiful dunes to unwind in the summer or as a perfect toboggan run in the winter. In Bornholm, you find natural forest, beech and pine, common, meadows and fields, lakes, ponds and marsh. And then there are plants and animals here, which due to special claims to the place of growth/living, has the country’s only – and in certain cases, Scandinavia’s only occurrence.

Geographic placing
Nearest Danish coast is Møns Klint 135 km away
Shortest distance to Sweden is 37 km
There is 88 km to Rügen and Russia lies 300 km to the east
By sea to Copenhagen there is 180 km

The island in numbers
Area: 588.3 square kilometres
Coastal length: 158 km
Longest distance in direct line from Hammeren to Dueodde is 40 km. Fra Rønne to Svaneke there is 30 km.
The northern two thirds of the island lies relatively high with Rytterknægten as the highest point. Standing on top of the Kongemindet by Rytterknægten, you will be 180 metres above sea, higher than any other place in Denmark.

Distances on Bornholm
Rønne-Allinge 23 km
Rønne-Aakirkeby 16 km
Rønne-Dueodde 29 km
Rønne-Svaneke 30 km
Rønne-Gudhjem 25 km
Rønne-Nexø 30 km

Allinge-Gudhjem 18 km
Allinge-Aakirkeby 29 km
Allinge-Nexø 39 km
Allinge-Dueodde 48 km

Svaneke-Nexø 10 km
Svaneke-Gudhjem 18 km

Bicycle tracks: In total 235 km

Administration
Per 1 January 2003, the county of Bornholm and the five municipalities of the island were merged into one administrative unit named The Region of Bornholm.
There are approx. 41,700 inhabitants, of which 2/3 live in the towns and 1/3 in the rural districts.
Population density is approx. 77 per km2, in Denmark as a whole 121 per km2.

Climate
The Island has temperate coastal climate. Due to the cold waters of the Baltic Sea, the spring reaches Bornholm somewhat later than any other place in the country, whilst the summers last equally longer.
On average, 539 mm of rain falls in Rønne. In Almindingen 712 mm, but on Christiansø only 419 mm. This is due to the fact that Christiansø partly lies in rain shelter of Bornholm and its poor elevation not being able to make the air give off any rain. Correspondingly, the east coast of Bornholm lies sheltered by the high Central-Bornholm, making the annual rainfall less than in any other place in the island and the number of sunshine hours greater.
Svaneke is, as known, the town in Denmark with the most sunshine hours.

Underground
2/3 of the area of Bornholm is granite – the bedrock.
A very clearly marked line of fracture splits the island in a northern highly placed bedrock area and a somewhat flatter south where the granite has sunk and since been covered by younger deposits from the earth’s antiquity and Middle Ages. Especially by Snorrebakken east of Rønne and Klinten south of Aakirkeby (by the experience centre NaturBornholm) this line is very visible in the landscape.

Trade and Industry
Today tourism has become one of the most important industries on the island – only surpassed by farming and fishing.
The Centre for Regional and Tourism Research of Bornholm has produced some surveys, showing the results of interviews amongst visitors to the island. The most important aspects for the majority of the tourists are: The scenery and nature, the peaceful atmosphere, peace and harmony, and good walking and cycling paths, local friendliness

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